William Gaze jnr.


Drainage Windpumps
Steam Mills

Norwich Millwrights

William Gaze jnr. - 1843 to 1865

William Gaze jnr. was the son of William Gaze snr. by his first marriage and was born c.1821 in Heigham.

In 1839 there was an accident which cost two lives. Although he is not named, it is likely that William was involved in the accident, as he was courting Susannah Newbegin Watts at the time.

Dreadful Accident, two lives lost. - One of the most melancholy accidents that has lately happened in this city occurred on Monday morning last between six and seven o'clock. It seems that David, the eldest son of Mr. Thomas Watts, farmer, of Drayton, and butcher, of St. George's, put a pony into a light cart to drive down to Norwich, his next brother Thomas, who was an apprentice with Messrs. Howard, Gaze, and Southgate, millwrights in St. Saviour's, a younger brother who was coming to Norwich to school, and also a young man named Gaze, who had been to Mr. Watts's on a visit, were all four in the cart, and on arriving near the first mile stone had to pass two waggons on the road loaded with barley, and belonging to Mr. Robert Woods, of Aylmerton. the first waggon they passed safely, but on going too near the hedge, and the wheel went into the bank, and coming into contact with the roots of an oak tree, just before the forewheel of the foremost waggon, they were all capsized and thrown directly under the wheel. The horses in the waggon were frightened and increased their speed, and the wheels passed over the breasts of the whole. David and Thomas Watts were killed on the spot, the younger brother merely had one of his hands grazed, and young Gaze was able to walk back to Drayton; he was not able to speak during the day, but on Tuesday was somewhat revived. - An inquest was held on the bodies of the two deceased young men at the Mile Cross, to which place the bodies were removed, on Monday evening, before Mr. Woolbright, deputy coroner, when the Jury found verdicts of Accidental Death. - It did not appear that any fault attached to the waggoners.
Norfolk Chronicle - 23rd November 1839

In 1841 he was given as an apprentice Millwright living with his parents in Back Lane, Peacock Street, St. Saviours. He married Susannah Newbegin Watts of Drayton on the 20th April 1843 at the Old Meeting Chapel in St. George's Colegate. He is described on the marriage register as a millwright.

The following children were born:- Arthur William Watts in 1844; and Frederick Watts in 1850, he died in 1851.

In the 1851 census, William Gaze was given as an engineer living in Pitt Street, St. Augustine's with his wife Susannah (30) and son Arthur W.
In White's Directory of 1854 he was listed as a millwright living in Pitt Street.
William took over the business with his half brother Richard_Lansdelle_Gaze, after the death of their father, William snr. at Wramplingham mill.


THE business of the late Mr. W. GAZE, Millwright, not being closed at Christmas, as previously advertised.


Beg to inform the employers of their late Father that, on and after March 1st , they will carry on the business of MILLWRIGHTS and ENGINEERS in every branch, on the same Premises occupied by him for many years, and respectfully solicit a continuance of their commands.
St. Saviour's, Norwich,
February 11th, 1860.

Norfolk Chronicle - 11th February 1860


BEG to thank their employers for past commands, and respectfully solicit a continuance of the same. Having a large Stock of useful Patterns, and possessing every facility, they are enabled to produce Machinery of every description for Mills, Manufactories, &c., adapted to either Wind, Water, or Steam power, upon advantageous terms.
French Burr Stones and Plaster, Machine Wire and Brushes, are kept in stock.

N.B. A New Flour Mill complete for Sale.
Valuations and Estimates made.

Norfolk Chronicle - 23rd February 1861

Census 1861:

William Gaze (40) millwright employing 9 men and 1 apprentice
Susannah N. Gaze (40) wife
Peacock Street, St. Saviour's


EVERY description of MACHINERY for Mill-work, Manufactories, &c., made to order in the best manner, upon the most reasonable terms.
A NEW CAST IRON CRANE FOR SALE, suitable for a Grocer's of Wool Merchant's Warehouse or Granary.
French Burr Stones and Plaster, Machine Wire and Brushes.
Valuations and Estimates made.

Valuations and Estimates made.

Norfolk Chronicle - 12th October 1861

William and Richard Lansdelle Gaze closed the business down in 1865.

To Millwrights, Engineers, Machinists, Smiths, and Others.

MESSRS. SPELMAN have received instructions from Messrs. W. and R. GAZE, (who are declining the Business), to SELL by AUCTION, on Friday, June 30th, 1865, upon the Premises in their occupation at St. Saviour's, Norwich.
The STOCK-IN-TRADE consisting of a six-horse high-pressure Steam Engine and Boiler complete, Slide and Foot Lathes, Punching Machine, Smiths' Tools, Bar and Rod Iron, Patterns, Wood, &c.
Also the BUILDINGS which have been used as Workshops, to be removed by the Purchaser.
The whole of which will be described in Catalogues, to be had seven days prior to the sale, of the Auctioneers, Norwich and Yarmouth.

Norfolk Chronicle - 17th June 1865

However, W. & R. Gaze were listed in White's Directory of 1868 as engineers/millwrights/machinists in Back Lane, St. Paul's.

William Gaze's son was married in September 1870.


GAZE. - BUTCHER. - On the 13th inst., at Wenhaston, by the Rev. T. Budd, Arthur William, only son of William Gaze, Thorpe Hamlet, to Agnes, third daughter of Mr. Francis Butcher, Heath Farm, Wenhaston.

Norfolk Chronicle - 17th September 1870

The Census of 1871 records William as an engineer living at Chalk Hill, Thorpe Hamlet, Norwich.

William Gaze's wife died in January 1875.


GAZE. - On the 6th inst., Susannah Newbiggin, the beloved wife of William Gaze, of Thorpe Hamlet, aged 54.

Norfolk Chronicle - 9th January 1875

In the 1881 census, William Gaze was given as living at 39, Chalk Hills, Thorpe next Norwich.
In White's Directory of 1886 he was listed as an engineers' valuer at Chalk Hill Road.
William Gaze died in 1899 aged 78 and was buried in the Rosary Cemetary.

If you have any memories, anecdotes or photos please let us know and we may be able to use them to update the site. By all means telephone 07836 675369 or

All historical material within this page © Michael Roots
Top of Page
Web design and website © Jonathan Neville, Norfolk Mills 2017