Norfolk Mills

Horsey drainage mill Itteringham watermill Sprowston postmill Thurning watermill

Watermill & Windmill
Main Indexes

The site database search engine is below and on the Norfolk Mills Index page

Last site update 22nd July

You can use this search engine to search for all pages within the site that may contain a
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This website contains a considerable amount of historical and genealogical data for in excess of
1,200 mills along with over 3,000 photographs.

All pages should be easily accessible via the links above.


Information on Norfolk windmills and watermills.
Also photographs
for copying (repairing if necessary) and preserving.
All photographs would of course be returned immediately
Please or telephone 07836 675369

At the time of Domesday, in the 11th century, there were some 580 recorded watermills in Norfolk, but no windmills. The earliest known windmill in Norfolk was recorded at Rackheath in 1268 and the earliest identified windmill site in Norfolk was at Barton_Bendish in 1338, although Thomas Thurne gave a windmill in Waxham to Hickling Priory c.1190.
Domesday Book of Norfolk
In Norfolk alone there were upwards of 580 water-mills, five of which were at Holt, five at Wymondham, five at Snettisham, four at Flitcham, four at Suffield, four at Earlham and four at Sedgeford; they varied much in value, some of them being rated as high as £3, while others were returned as worth no more than 3s.
The produce of water-mills is variously stated in the Survey, sometimes in grain, sometimes partly in money and partly in grain, and occasionally from the fishery in the mill stream.

An Analysis of the Domesday Book of the County of Norfolk, -
Rev. George Munford, Vicar of East Winch, 1858

By the early 1800s only 80 or 90 watermills were still functioning but there were still 300 - 400 windmills in the county. By the late 1800s the water and windmilled stone ground flour was fast giving way to roller mill produced flour. The taste of the people was changing and the new technology was capable of producing flour far more efficiently and faster.

Horning_Mill_Loke_postmill was probably the first postmill and possibly even the first windmill to be fitted with William Cubitt's patent sails c.1807 that were eventually to be used by virtually all Norfolk windmills. Stalham_smockmill is the only other known contender.

The first steam mill for auxiliary power was installed at Dickleburgh in 1834.

In 1939 Claude Messent recorded that there were only 60 watermills still standing and by 2004 the number had gone down to 52 with only around 20 still containing any remnants of machinery and many have now disappeared completely. Forever.

Standing watermills and windmills are now a rarity and this website is intended to provide a pictorial and historical record of all the mills I can trace here in Norfolk, England.
Jonathan Neville

The 1563 the Statute of Apprentices forbade anyone to enter a trade who had not served an apprenticeship.  Some modification to this Statute occurred but it remained on the statute books until 1814.  Prior to 1710 nothing exists for Apprentices in the archives in London. 
From 1710 - 1811 The Government decided to use the system to generate some revenue, hence the Stamp Duty records from Inland Revenue. Duty was payable by the master at the rate of 6d for every £1 under £50 that he received for taking on the apprentice and 1/- for every £1 above that sum. The deadline for payment was one year after the expiry of the indenture.

Pages are continually being updated and added - so any and all help with information, anecdotes and photographs would be greatly appreciated.

Photographs for Sale
Please note that all photographs and material on this site are subject to copyright and must not be reproduced without prior permission from the owner.

However, if you are interested in purchasing a full size digital photo,
many are available, subject to copyright.
or telephone 07836 675369
Digital copy via email - £10.00
Digital copy burnt onto CD - £20.00 + postage etc. (dependent on destination)
and don't forget to provide full details of which photo you are interested in!







SPAB logo

This site is recognised by
The Society for the Protection
of Ancient Buildings

Mills Section

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We hope you will find something of interest amongst the photos and snippets of information put together.

We would also be grateful for any information, history, anecdotes or photographs that could be included as we continue to develop and update the site. All photographs will of course be returned immediately after they are scanned.

Please note that all photographs and material on this site are subject to copyright and must not be reproduced without prior permission from the owner. If you are interested in a photo please
for copyright details or telephone 07836 675369.

Many individuals and organisations have between them, provided a vast amount of assistance and archive information for inclusion on this website. Please take time to visit the credits_page to view some of the information sources.

Do visit our sister sites and
Also Jonathan Neville's African and Norfolk wildlife digital photos at

Copyright © Jonathan Neville 2014
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