Hemsby Road


Drainage Mills (Windpumps)
Steam Mills

Martham Hemsby Road post windmill stood a few yards to the northwest of the towermill that was built after a fire seriously damaged the earlier_postmill in 1786. It's probable that the roundhouse of the earlier_postmill was used a storehouse by the owners of the towermill.

Here Bane and Wells - two millers dwell,
Of far farm'd notoriety
And if you'd plan - their Arts to scan
Pray enter their society
They are said to be - no more dissimilar
Than honesty and miller are.

A Stranger's Guide to the Polite Village of Martham - 1830

The Tithe Awards of the early 1840s recorded William Crowe was occupier of both the towermill and the postmill and both mills were available for sale together in 1834.

Martham - 13th February 1834

"I James Bane of Martham in the county of Norfolk. Farmer being of sound mind and disposing mind, memory and understanding do make, publish and declare my last Will and Testament in the manner following that is to say I give and devise unto Elizabeth my daughter all and singular my messuages, farms, dwelling houses, cottages, barns, stables, mills, edifices, buildings, lands, tenements and hereditaments and real estate whatsoever both freehold and copyhold or wherever or where to I now have or claim any estate right, title or interest in possession, reversion, remainder contingency expectancy or otherwise howsoever situate lying and being in Martham and West Somerton in the County of Norfolk or elsewhere within the Kingdom of Great Britain with all the rights (members?) and appurtenances there into belonging . To hold the same unto my said daughter, her heirs and assigns forever. Also I hive and bequest the use of and not the absolute property of or in all my household furniture and implements of household plate, lining, china books, pictures and prints, money and securities OCR money dead and live farming stock produce crops implements of husbandry and all the rest and residue of my good chattels and personal estate and effects whatsoever and of what nature or kind solver the same may be or consist except a legacy of ten pounds which thereby I give to Benjamin Bowgen my Executor hereafter named for his care and the trouble in the execution hereof unto Ester my wife for her life and from and after her deceased I give and bequeath the said furniture, money and securities for money, stock, crops, personal Estate and Effects and the absolute property of or in the same unto my said daughter to and for her own sole and absolute use, benefit and disposal provided nevertheless and notwithstanding anything herein before contained I charge my Mill and the piece of land on which it stands and their appurtenances in Martham aforesaid and now in the occupation of William Harrison Wells with the payment unto my said wife for her life of the annual sum of twenty five ponds in half yearly portions. And I give her the usual powers of entry and distress on the said Mill and piece of land in case of non payment of the said annuity for the recovery of the same together with all costs attending the same. And it is my will that in consideration of the provision I have herein made for my wife she shall release all her dower Estate and interest of and in all and every said hereditaments and real Estate whenever required and I nominate and appoint my said daughter and Benjamin Bowgen of Martham aforesaid farmer to be the Executrix and Executor of this my Will lastly hereby revoking all Wills and Testaments by me here before made I do declare this only to be my last Will and testament. In witness whereof I have herewith set my hand and seal the thirteenth day of February in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and thirty four

James Bane (seal)

Signed sealed published and declared by the above named testator as and for his last Will and Testament in the presents of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as witnesses William Copper, Mary Forder, Chas Bell.

This Will proved at Rollesby on the twenty seventh day of March 1834 before the Reverend Thomas Baker, Clerk surrogate duly appointed to the Worshipful William Gonge, Clerk.".

Norwich Mercury - 13th September 1834
Norwich Mercury - 13th September 1834

To Millers and others
To be Sold by Private Contract
All that substantial Brick TOWER_WINDMILL with capacious roundhouse patent sails and winding apparatus, driving two pair of French stones, flour mill, jumper, smut machine with going gears complete of the best description together with a very commodious and respectable Dwelling house, granary, stables, gig house, cart lodges, piggeries, garden etc. the whole forming one of the most desirable situations in Norfolk in which the Proprietor has carried on an extensive Trade for more than thirty years and spared no expense in improving the Premises which are all in good repair.
The whole is Freehold in a good corn country about eight miles from Yarmouth and within half a mile of the Common Staithe.
N.B. Three fourths of the Purchase Money may remain on Mortgage if required.
The Purchaser may have the advantage of the Lease of a good Post Mill adjoining the said Premises and also at no very distant period may be accommodated with the Hire or Purchase of about 35 Acres of good Arable and Marsh land lying near the Mills.
Apply personally to Mr. W. Wells on the Premises or to Mr. W. H. Wells, Dilham_Mills.
Norfolk Chronicle - 13th September 1834

Sale of five horse power steam mill, pair of our 4ft stones etc “… on the premises of Mr. W. B. Crowe at Mr Wells’ tower windmill at Martham, Norfolk (Mr Crowe being about to relinquish the occupation and leaving the trade.)”
Norfolk Chronicle - 30th September 1834.

Elizabeth Bane's cousin, James Bane (b.1793) was the miller at Erpingham towermill 1836 - 1846.

Tithe Award map 1842
Tithe Award map 1842
Plot 272 - postmill
Plot 271 - towermill

Tithe map 1842 - as redrawn by Harry Apling
Tithe map 1842 - as redrawn by Harry Apling

Tithe Award 1843
Map, Josh. Manning, Surveyor, Norwich, 1842
Owner: Frederick Bane
Occupier: William Crow

No. 272

Mill & Land


2a. 0r. 28p.

7/1d Vicar
16/5d to Apprs.

The Tithe Awards of the early 1840s recorded William Crowe was occupier of both the towermill and the postmill.

O.S. Map 1884
O.S. Map 1884
postmill to the northwest and towermill to the southeast
Courtesy of NLS map images

The postmill was not shown on the 1905 O.S. map.

c.1786: Earlier mill damaged in serious fire

Faden's map 1797: Windmill

1797: James Bane took over the mill

Poll Book 1802: James Bane (Bone), miller

Bryant's map 1826: Windmill

1834: William Wells, leasehold miller at a rent of £25 per annum from James Bane paid in half yearly portions

1834: James Bane died

1834: James Bane's wife Esther Bane died (two months after James) - daughter Elizabeth then inherited

13th September 1834: Lease of postmill advertised for sale by private contract along with towermill

White's 1836: William Crow, corn miller

1837: Elizabeth Bane died and bequeathed mill to her cousin Frederick Bane, son of late John Bane of Acle

O.S. map 1837: Windmill

Tithe Award 1841: Mill and land. Owner: Frederick Bane; occupier: William Crow, miller

Census 1841: William Crow (40) miller
Ann Crow (35)
Mary Crow (14); Samuel Crow (12); Harriet Crow (9); James Crow (7); Charles Crow (4)
Jane Crow (3); Ellena Crow (1); Emily Crow (1 mnth)

Tithe Award 1843: Owner: Frederick Bane; Occupier: William Crow

1843: Mill advertised to be let

White's 1845: George Bane, corn miller

1846: George Bane, miller

c.1853: Postmill demolished

O.S. map 1888-91: Windmill (Corn)

If you have any memories, anecdotes or photos please let us know and we may be able to use them to update the site. By all means telephone 07836 675369 or

Nat Grid Ref TG46511810
Top of Page

Copyright © Jonathan Neville 2005