Thomas Howard


Drainage Windpumps
Steam Mills

Norwich Millwrights

Thomas Howard - 1836 to 1854

Thomas Howard was born c.1799 in Sparham, Norfolk. He was first mentioned as a millwright in White's Directory of 1836, in partnership with William_Gaze, with premises at Back Street, St. Paul's. By 1839 he was also in partnership with Christopher Southgate.

One of their apprentices was killed in an accident on the 18th  November 1839.

Dreadful Accident, two lives lost. - One of the most melancholy accidents that has lately happened in this city occurred on Monday morning last between six and seven o'clock. It seems that David, the eldest son of Mr. Thomas Watts, farmer, of Drayton, and butcher, of St. George's, put a pony into a light cart to drive down to Norwich, his next brother Thomas, who was an apprentice with Messrs. Howard, Gaze, and Southgate, millwrights in St. Saviour's, a younger brother who was coming to Norwich to school, and also a young man named Gaze, who had been to Mr. Watts's on a visit, were all four in the cart, and on arriving near the first mile stone had to pass two waggons on the road loaded with barley, and belonging to Mr. Robert Woods, of Aylmerton. the first waggon they passed safely, but on going too near the hedge, and the wheel went into the bank, and coming into contact with the roots of an oak tree, just before the forewheel of the foremost waggon, they were all capsized and thrown directly under the wheel. The horses in the waggon were frightened and increased their speed, and the wheels passed over the breasts of the whole. David and Thomas Watts were killed on the spot, the younger brother merely had one of his hands grazed, and young Gaze was able to walk back to Drayton; he was not able to speak during the day, but on Tuesday was somewhat revived. - An inquest was held on the bodies of the two deceased young men at the Mile Cross, to which place the bodies were removed, on Monday evening, before Mr. Woolbright, deputy coroner, when the Jury found verdicts of Accidental Death. - It did not appear that any fault attached to the waggoners.
Norfolk Chronicle - 23rd November 1839

The Gaze mentioned in the above report was probably the millwright William Gaze Jr., eldest son of William_Gaze_snr. In 1841 he was given as a millwright aged 35-39 living in Back Lane, St. Saviour's with his wife Lydia, 30-34 and son Thomas, 14, a millwright's apprentice, James, 7 and Edward, 4 months and daughter Emma,

Howard, Gaze & Southgate were listed in White's Directory of 1845 as millwrights in Back Street, St. Paul's. Christopher_Southgate died in 1848. Howard and Gaze were listed in Hunt & Co.'s. Directory of 1850 as millwrights in Back Street, St. Paul's. Thomas Howard is also listed in both directories as living in that street. A smock mill was for sale in the summer of 1850.


A WOOD TOWER WINDMILL, in excellent condition, with Patent Sails and Winding Gear complete, well adapted for Draining a small level of Marshes, or other work, and can be removed to any part of the Counties of Norfolk or Suffolk, at a small expense. For particulars apply to Messrs. Howard and Gaze, Millwrights, Norwich.
Norfolk Chronicle - 20th July 1850

White's 1845: Howard, Gaze & Southgate, Millwrights, Back Street, St. Paul's.

Christopher Southgate died in 1848.

Hunt's 1850: Howard and Gaze, Millwrights, Back Street, St. Paul's.

Census 1851:

Thomas Howard (52) millwright employing 11 men
Lydia Howard (50) wife
James Howard (16) apprentice millwright
Emma Howard (12)
Edward Howard (10)
Laura Howard (7)
Back Street, St. Saviour's

White's 1854: Howard & Gaze, millwrights and engineers, Back street, St. Saviour's

Thomas Howard is listed in all three directories as living in that street and died in September 1854.


A Good POST WINDMILL, with patent sails, iron shaft and winding tackle, driving two pairs of stones, spur gear.
For further particulars apply to Messrs. Howard and Gaze, Millwrights, &c., Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 5th April 1851

PURSUANT to a Decree in the High Court of Chancery, made in a Cause of "THOMAS HOWARD and others, Infants by the said Thomas Howard, their Brother and next Friend, against WILLIAM_GAZE and another," the Creditors of Thomas Howard, late of Saint Paul's Back Lane, in the city of Norwich, Millwright, who died in or about the month of September, 1854, are by their Solicitors, on or before the 14th day of January, 1856, to come in and prove their Debts at the Chambers of the Master of the Rolls, in the Roll Yard, Chancery Lane, Middlesex, or in default thereof they will be peremptorily excluded from the benefit of the said Decree. Thursday, the 17th day of January, 1856, at Two o'clock in the Afternoon, at the said Chambers, is appointed for the hearing and adjudicating upon the Claims, Dated this 3rd day of December, 1855.

W. TATE, 32, Bucklersbury, London,

Plaintiffs Solicitor
Norfolk Chronicle - 8th December 1855

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